Freight Market Update: February 5, 2020
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Flexport is monitoring developments of the Coronavirus as it causes more and more business interruptions. As of February 5, over 90% of passenger capacity between mainland China and the rest of the world has been cancelled until the end of March, at the earliest. As these planes typically account for 45% of freight capacity, TPEB and FEWB supply is tight. With ocean freight, while Chinese ports other than Wuhan are open, many truckers aren’t picking up cargo. In addition, blank sailings are 20-30% higher than usual for this time. For a full description of the latest supply chain impacts from the coronavirus, and steps you can take to mitigate them, go here.
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Ocean Freight Market Update
Air Freight Market Update
Freight Market News
Coronavirus Is Now a Global Emergency The World Health Organization has declared Coronavirus, the infectious respiratory disease originating in Chinese port city Wuhan, a global emergency after cases “spiked more than tenfold in a week,” according to Transport Topics. While the WHO Director-General does NOT recommend unnecessarily limiting trade or travel with China, major supply-chain slowdowns, like a South Korean Hyundai factory that has halted production due to a parts shortage, are occurring.
Low-Sulfur Fuel Prices Correct Very Low-Sulfur Fuel Oil (VLSFO) prices in Singapore have dropped by approximately 23% in 16 trading days with LSFO and High-Sulfur Fuel Oil price spreads quickly narrowing globally. The Journal of Commerce reports that January’s high prices were caused by a logistical bottleneck that is now easing.
FAA Begins Drone Delivery Rule Making A 30-day comment period started February 3, reports Bloomberg, as the Federal Aviation Administration seeks public and industry input on design criteria for drones that could deliver consumer goods and medical supplies.
Meanwhile, this week, Flexport Chief Economist Dr. Phil Levy noted the following economic highlights:
- US GDP Rose 2.1% in Q4. The preliminary estimate matched the rate from Q3. It put 2019 annual growth at 2.3%, down from 2.9% in 2018.
- U.S. orders for durable goods rose 2.4% in December, heavily influenced by military purchases. Consumer confidence hit a 5-month high in January.
- By the end of last week, the 10-year US Treasury bond yield had fallen by roughly 30 basis points from mid-January to its lowest level since mid-September (just over 1.50%). This likely reflects concerns about U.S. economic prospects, as well as a flight to safety in worrisome times.
- Eurozone GDP growth fell to an annual rate of 0.4% in Q4, as the French and Italian economies contracted. It was the slowest growth in the eurozone since 2013.
Customs and Trade Updates
Section 301 List 3 Exclusions Granted
The USTR released a new list of products that received exclusions from the 25% List 3 Section 301 tariff on goods made in China. The list includes two HTS numbers and 117 HTS numbers with specifically prepared product descriptions. As with previously released lists, it applies retroactively to September 24, 2018 and will remain in place until August 7th, 2020.
List 4A Exclusion Window Closed
The USTR reported that it received over 2,800 Section 301 List 4a requests on January 31st, the final day before the portal closed. In total, 8,800 requests have been submitted in the three months since the portal went live. However, the 4a submissions are yet to be reviewed, as the USTR is still going through its backlog of List 3 exclusions.
CBP Trade Statistics
CBP issued its monthly update to its trade statistics page along with a news release on trends and changes revealed by FY19 numbers. Most noteworthy was that the $71.9 billion collected in duties, now that the Section 301 tariffs have taken full effect, was a 73 percent increase from FY18.
**For a roundup of tariff-related news, visit Tariff Insider.
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