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Freight Market Update: December 11, 2019

Ocean and air freight rates and trends; customs and trade industry news for the week of December 11, 2019.

Freight Market Update: December 11, 2019

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Ocean Freight Market Update

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Air Freight Market Update

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Freight Market News

WTO Troubles Mount With no major trade negotiations progressing, the WTO has been chiefly focused on dispute settlement. Yet, on Dec. 10 its top dispute body lost two members and now falls below minimum staffing. At the same time, the Trump administration has blocked new appointments.

It’s Like Buttah: First Autonomous Truck Delivery Drives Cross-Country The first self-driving truck carrying freight completed a cross-country run from California to Pennsylvania. Transport Topics confirms the truck delivered 40,000 pounds of butter along Interstates 15 and 70.

Meanwhile, this week, Flexport Chief Economist Dr. Phil Levy noted the following economic highlights:

US October Trade Shrank according to data showing monthly exports were down by 0.2% while imports fell 1.7%. On a year-over-year census basis, US imports from China dropped 23%. Broader imports from the Pacific Rim were down almost 15% from Oct. 2018.

  • Conflicting Statements swirled about US-China negotiations, with more US tariffs set for Dec. 15.

New Trade Battles launched as President Trump informally announced forthcoming US tariffs.

  • South American Steel was the focus of a threat to apply new tariffs despite a previous quota deal with Brazil and Argentina. Currency was cited as the issue.
  • French Fight A French tax on digital services drew a promise of US retaliatory tariffs.

US Consumer Sentiment for December beat expectations and rose to its highest level since May.

Customs and Trade Updates

USTR Seeks Comments on EU Tariff Increase
The USTR recently posted a notice on the Airbus subsidies dispute with the EU. The organization is asking for comments on three matters: whether it should raise already imposed tariff rates; if some of the EU products currently being tariffed should be removed; and if more products should be added to the list. The notice contains two lists; one list is for current products and the second list is for previously proposed products that didn't make it to the final list. The comment period will be open until January 13, 2020.

USMCA Edits Approved
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced that a deal has been reached for the new USMCA trade agreement. After long deliberation and many re-writes to the originally proposed deal in 2017, the Democrats pushed through amendments to labor, enforcement, environmental protection, and loopholes tied to pharmaceutical companies. The AFL-CIO put out a press release applauding the labor reform edits in the deal, which had been a major sticking point. USMCA agreement details will be released soon, and will then go up for a ratification vote in the House of Representatives.

Unit of Quantity Changes
To align the harmonized tariff schedule of the US (HTSUS) with the new Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act (TFTEA) drawback requirements, Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) sent out a reminder that it will implement final changes to the unit of quantity (UOQ) measurements that were previously marked with an "X" in the UOQ column. After this January 1, 2020 update, the UOQ column will only have specific units of measurement (kg, no, gross, etc).

**For a roundup of tariff-related news, visit Tariff Insider

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